Piezoelectricity-enhanced multifunctional applications of hydrothermally-grown p-BiFeO3–n-ZnO heterojunction films

Thi Nghi Nhan Nguyen, Kao Shuo Chang

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


This paper reports the fabrication of p-BiFeO3 (BFO)–n-ZnO composite films on tin-doped indium oxide substrates through a facile hydrothermal method and the tuning of various functional properties of single-crystalline BFO and ZnO for piezoelectricity-enhanced multiapplications. BFO microplates were embedded in ZnO nanorod arrays; the clear interfaces indicated the robust formation of the heterojunction, which was also confirmed through X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The conductivity type of the BFO and ZnO was determined through Mott–Schottky, open-circuit potential, and photoelectrochemical measurements. Moreover, the induced piezopotential distributions of the samples were theoretically simulated, and the piezotronics, piezophototronics, and Schottky behavior of the composites were determined. The composite-based piezoelectric nanogenerators exhibited durable output and excellent sensitivity, enabling practical sensor applications. Excellent piezophotodegradation with a rate constant of approximately 3 × 10−2 min−1 for the composite was attributable to predominant ·O2 radicals. The maximum applied bias photon-to-current efficiency and piezophotoelectrochemical current density were approximately 0.86% (at 0.63 V vs. Ag/AgCl) and 1.4 mA cm−2, respectively. The multiapplications of the p–n junction composites were primarily attributable to the enhanced piezoelectric coefficient (d33 ≈ 27.3 pm·V−1), favorable electrochemical surface area (≈69.8 mF cm−2 mg−1), prolonged charge carrier lifetime, weak photoluminescence, and suitable band positions and piezopotential-induced band bending.

頁(從 - 到)89-100
期刊Renewable Energy
出版狀態Published - 2022 9月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境


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