With plunging breaking waves, air bubble entrainment is caused by the top of the wave forming a plunging jet and entraining air when it impacts the water in front of the wave. The potential for air bubble entrainment is related directly to the plunging jet impact characteristics. New experiments were performed in a two-dimensional wave flume. The breaking process was investigated with a high-speed video camera. The results provide new information on the breaking point characteristics, the jet impact conditions and the energy dissipation process. The entrainment of air bubbles is detailed. And the rate of energy dissipation by plunging breakers is estimated.
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