Two optimized cathode configurations (a porous current collector and an interlayer) are utilized to determine the better architecture for improving the cycle stability and reversibility of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) cells. The electrochemical analysis on the upper-plateau discharge capacity (QH) and the lower-plateau discharge capacity (QL) is introduced for assessing, respectively, the polysulfide retention and the electrochemical reactivity of the cell. The analysis results in line with the expected materials chemistry principles suggest that the interlayer configuration offers stable cell performance for sulfur cathodes. The significance of the interlayer is to block the free migration of the dissolved polysulfides, which is a key factor for immobilizing and continuously utilizing the active material in sulfur cathodes. Accordingly, the carbon mat interlayers provide sulfur cathodes with a high discharge capacity of 864 mA h g-1 at 1 C rate with a high capacity retention rate of 61% after 400 cycles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)