We have examined the effect of acetylcholine (ACh) pretreatment on the thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) induced prolactin gene expression in GH3 cells, a rat pituitary tumor cell line. Prolonged exposure (> 6 h) to ACh enhanced the TRH-induced prolactin mRNA accumulation in a time- and concentration-dependent manner while ACh by itself did not affect the basal prolactin mRNA levels appreciably. Maximal augmentation of the TRH-induced prolactin mRNA accumulation was obtained when cells were pretreated with 10 -5 M ACh for 24 h. The activation was mimicked by carbachol and oxotremorine and was blocked by the simultaneous presence of atropine. Preincubation of GH3 cells with pertussis toxin abolished the augmenting effect of ACh. These results indicate that prolonged exposure to muscarinic receptor agonists may enhance the TRH-stimulated prolactin mRNA expression and a pertussis toxin sensitive G-protein may be involved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology