Power output and efficiency of a thermoelectric generator under temperature control

Wei-Hsin Chen, Po Hua Wu, Xiao Dong Wang, Yu Li Lin

研究成果: Article

25 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Operation control is an effective way to improve the output power of thermoelectric generators (TEGs). The present study is intended to numerically investigate the power output and efficiency of a TEG and find the operating conditions for maximizing its performance. The temperature distributions at the hot side and cold side surfaces of the TEG are approximated by sinusoidal functions. The influences of the temperature amplitudes at the hot side surface and the cold side surface, the phase angle, and the figure-of-merit (ZT) on the performance of the TEG are analyzed. The predictions indicate that the mean output power and efficiency of the TEG are significantly enhanced by the temperature oscillation, whereas the mean absorbed heat by the TEG is slightly influenced. An increase in the temperature amplitude of the hot side surface and the phase angle can effectively improve the performance. For the phase angle of 0°, a smaller temperature amplitude at the cold side surface renders the better performance compared to that with a larger amplitude. When the ZT value increases from 0.736 to 1.8, the mean efficiency at the phase angle of 180° is amplified by a factor of 1.72, and the maximum mean efficiency is 8.45%. In summary, a larger temperature amplitude at the hot side surface with the phase angle of 180° is a feasible operation for maximizing the performance.

頁(從 - 到)404-415
期刊Energy Conversion and Management
出版狀態Published - 2016 十一月 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology