Fluorescent poly(phenylenevinylene) (PPV)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) fibrous membrane was prepared via electrospinning of PPV precursor and PVA aqueous solution followed by thermal elimination. Further cross-linking produced the cross-linked membrane PPV/CPVA. Both PPV/PVA and PPV/CPVA membranes were found to have similar morphology and photophysics. These membranes showed a great fluorescence quenching response to aromatic solvents and a much smaller response to other organic solvents. Water also effectively quenched the fluorescence of PPV/PVA but not that of PPV/CPVA. This was attributed to un-cross-linked PVA being able to dissolve in water and the cross-linking improving the resistance of the membrane toward water. The sensing behavior was found to have good reversibility. The contact angle study showed that addition of only about 1% of PPV into the matrix reduced the hydrophilicity of the membrane significantly, suggesting that the PPV chains would be located at the surface of the fibers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) investigation further confirmed such surface enrichment of PPV in the binary polymer blends. The PPV chain on the surface facilitated the π-π interaction between the polymer backbones and the aromatic molecules, thus leading to good selectivity and fast response of the two fibrous membranes toward aromatic solvents.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)