Preparation of Medical Supply for Prehospital Emergencies and Disasters: An Internet-Based Simulation Drill

Chien Hao Lin, Joyce Tay, Chu Lin Tsai, Wei Kuo Chou, Ming Tai Cheng, Cheng Yi Wu, Hung Chieh Liu, Shu Hsien Hsu, Chien Hsin Lu, Frank Fuh Yuan Shih, Chih Hao Lin

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background: Mass casualties caused by natural disasters and man-made events may overwhelm local emergency medical services and healthcare systems. Logistics is essential to a successful emergency medical response. Drills have been used in disaster preparedness to validate plans, policies, procedures, and agreements, and identify resource gaps. The application of the internet to facilitate the conduct of exercise was still limited. This study aimed to investigate the optimal preparation of medical supplies by medical emergency response teams (MERTs) during emergencies and disasters using an internet-based drill. Methods: An internet-based drill based on real-life mass casualty incidents (MCIs) was developed and conducted in Taiwan from June 2017 to July 2018. The drill involved an MCI with 50 events delivered under two scenarios: (1) reduced transfer capacity and well-functioning local healthcare facilities (emergency module); (2) severely reduced transfer capacity and dysfunctional local healthcare facilities (disaster module). For each event, medical supplies commonly prepared by local MERTs in Taiwan were listed in structured questionnaires and participants selected the supplies they would use. Results: Forty-three senior medical emergency responders participated in the survey (responding rate of 47.3%). Resuscitation-related supplies increased from emergency to disaster module (e.g., intubation from 9.1% to 13.9%; dopamine from 3.2% to 5.0%; all p < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis of events with life-threatening injuries, the utilization of resuscitation-related supplies (e.g., intubation from 46.6% to 65.3%; p < 0.001) remained higher in the disaster than in the emergency module. Compared to emergency medical technicians, physicians and nurses are more likely to use intravenous/intramuscular analgesics. Conclusions: The severity of scenarios and the professional background of emergency responders have a different utilization of medical supplies in the simulation drill. The internet-based drill may contribute to optimizing the preparedness of medical response to prehospital emergencies and disasters.

頁(從 - 到)20-35
期刊Journal of Acute Medicine
出版狀態Published - 2023 3月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 急診醫學
  • 重症監護和重症監護醫學


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