We have analyzed the general protein kinase expression profile in mouse sperm and eggs. A total of 41 different kinases were identified. In this study, we describe two novel protein kinases, designated AIE1 (mouse) and AIE2 (human), which share high amino acid identities with the serine/threonine (S/T) kinase domain of yeast Ipl1, fly aurora, and frog Eg2. Mutations in Ipl1 and aurora have been reported to cause abnormal chromosome segregation and centrosome separation. Both AIE1 and AIE2 contain a typical S/T kinase domain (251 aa) flanked by a short polypeptide at both ends. Two other AIE-related kinases (STK-1 and IAK1/Ayk1) were also identified in mature mouse oocytes. The central kinase domain of AIE1 revealed 77.6% and 66.3% identity with that of STK-1 and IAK1/Ayk1, but much less homology was found in the sequence outside the kinase domain. Northern blot analysis revealed that both AIE1 and AIE2 are specifically expressed in testis, whereas STK-1 and IAK1/Ayk1 are expressed in many tissues rich in proliferating cells. An in vitro kinase assay showed that AIE1 can phosphorylate casein, AIE1 itself, and an uncharacterized cellular protein (p16). The kinase activity of AIE1 can be destroyed by heat inactivation. In summary, we suggest that AlE is a new member of the S/T kinase family, which may be regulated in a fashion distinct from other AIE-related kinases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology