Pleural effusion, an accumulation of pleural fluid, contains proteins originating from plasma filtrate and, especially when tissues are damaged, parenchymal interstitial spaces of lungs and/or other organs. This report presents data of the first global proteomic analysis of human pleural effusion. A composite sample was prepared by pooling pleural effusions from seven lung adenocarcinoma patients. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis of the composite sample revealed 472 silver-stained spots. 242 selected gel spots were subjected to protein identification by in-gel digestion, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and sequence database search. 44 proteins were identified with higher confidence levels (at least two unique peptide sequences matched), while 161 other proteins were identified at the minimal confidence level (only one unique peptide sequence matched). The data provide fundamental information on the composition of protein contents in human pleural effusion. Among these 44 proteins that were identified with higher confidence levels, 7 proteins, retinoblastoma binding protein 7, synaptic vesicle membrane protein, corticosteroid binding globulin precursor, PR-domain containing protein 11, envelope glycoprotein, MSIP043 protein, and titin have not been reported in plasma and may represent proteins specifically present in pleural effusion. These proteins could have originated from parenchymal interstitial spaces and represent potential candidates of useful biomarkers that could not be readily detected in plasma but in pleural effusion. Retinoblastoma binding protein 7 is of special interest since it may play a role in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology