R-Duloxetine and N-Methyl Duloxetine as Novel Analgesics Against Experimental Postincisional Pain

Chi-Fei Wang, Gabriella Russell, Sho Ya Wang, Gary R. Strichartz, Ging Kuo Wang

研究成果: Article

4 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

BACKGROUND: Antidepressant S-duloxetine alleviates intractable pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy and fibromyalgia. It also reduces both acute and persistent pain in various animal models. This study addresses whether the enantiomer, R-duloxetine, and the homolog, N-methyl duloxetine, could act as analgesics and whether they block neuronal Na+ channels. METHODS: The rat incision plus extension model on the dorsothoracic skin was applied to evoke postoperative mechanoallodynia and hyperalgesia, measured for 5 days postoperatively by local responses to von Frey filaments. R-Duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine were administered systemically (intraperitoneal) or locally (subcutaneous [SC]) 1 hour before the surgery the block of Na+ currents in rat neuronal GH3 cells was determined under the whole-cell configuration. RESULTS: Ipsilateral SC injections (2 mg/0.4 mL) of R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine reduced both postoperative allodynia and hyperalgesia by approximately 89% to 99% in the area under the curve of skin responses next to incision over 5 days. Systemic intraperitoneal injections at a higher dosage (10 mg) had smaller analgesic effects (reduced by approximately 53%-69%), whereas contralateral SC injections (10 mg) were ineffective. Both R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine blocked neuronal Na+ currents, with a higher affinity for the inactivated than the resting states. In addition, both drugs elicited significant use-dependent block of Na+ currents when stimulated at 5 Hz. CONCLUSIONS: R-Duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine are highly effective against postoperative pain using the skin incision model, and they elicit both tonic and use-dependent block of neuronal Na+ channels. Our results suggest that R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine are applicable as novel analgesics.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)719-729
頁數11
期刊Anesthesia and analgesia
122
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2016 三月 1

指紋

Analgesics
Pain
Hyperalgesia
Subcutaneous Injections
Skin
Intractable Pain
Fibromyalgia
Diabetic Neuropathies
Acute Pain
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Postoperative Pain
Duloxetine Hydrochloride
N-methylduloxetine
Intraperitoneal Injections
Antidepressive Agents
Area Under Curve
Animal Models
Pharmaceutical Preparations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

引用此文

Wang, Chi-Fei ; Russell, Gabriella ; Wang, Sho Ya ; Strichartz, Gary R. ; Wang, Ging Kuo. / R-Duloxetine and N-Methyl Duloxetine as Novel Analgesics Against Experimental Postincisional Pain. 於: Anesthesia and analgesia. 2016 ; 卷 122, 編號 3. 頁 719-729.
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title = "R-Duloxetine and N-Methyl Duloxetine as Novel Analgesics Against Experimental Postincisional Pain",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Antidepressant S-duloxetine alleviates intractable pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy and fibromyalgia. It also reduces both acute and persistent pain in various animal models. This study addresses whether the enantiomer, R-duloxetine, and the homolog, N-methyl duloxetine, could act as analgesics and whether they block neuronal Na+ channels. METHODS: The rat incision plus extension model on the dorsothoracic skin was applied to evoke postoperative mechanoallodynia and hyperalgesia, measured for 5 days postoperatively by local responses to von Frey filaments. R-Duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine were administered systemically (intraperitoneal) or locally (subcutaneous [SC]) 1 hour before the surgery the block of Na+ currents in rat neuronal GH3 cells was determined under the whole-cell configuration. RESULTS: Ipsilateral SC injections (2 mg/0.4 mL) of R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine reduced both postoperative allodynia and hyperalgesia by approximately 89{\%} to 99{\%} in the area under the curve of skin responses next to incision over 5 days. Systemic intraperitoneal injections at a higher dosage (10 mg) had smaller analgesic effects (reduced by approximately 53{\%}-69{\%}), whereas contralateral SC injections (10 mg) were ineffective. Both R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine blocked neuronal Na+ currents, with a higher affinity for the inactivated than the resting states. In addition, both drugs elicited significant use-dependent block of Na+ currents when stimulated at 5 Hz. CONCLUSIONS: R-Duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine are highly effective against postoperative pain using the skin incision model, and they elicit both tonic and use-dependent block of neuronal Na+ channels. Our results suggest that R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine are applicable as novel analgesics.",
author = "Chi-Fei Wang and Gabriella Russell and Wang, {Sho Ya} and Strichartz, {Gary R.} and Wang, {Ging Kuo}",
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R-Duloxetine and N-Methyl Duloxetine as Novel Analgesics Against Experimental Postincisional Pain. / Wang, Chi-Fei; Russell, Gabriella; Wang, Sho Ya; Strichartz, Gary R.; Wang, Ging Kuo.

於: Anesthesia and analgesia, 卷 122, 編號 3, 01.03.2016, p. 719-729.

研究成果: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - R-Duloxetine and N-Methyl Duloxetine as Novel Analgesics Against Experimental Postincisional Pain

AU - Wang, Chi-Fei

AU - Russell, Gabriella

AU - Wang, Sho Ya

AU - Strichartz, Gary R.

AU - Wang, Ging Kuo

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Antidepressant S-duloxetine alleviates intractable pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy and fibromyalgia. It also reduces both acute and persistent pain in various animal models. This study addresses whether the enantiomer, R-duloxetine, and the homolog, N-methyl duloxetine, could act as analgesics and whether they block neuronal Na+ channels. METHODS: The rat incision plus extension model on the dorsothoracic skin was applied to evoke postoperative mechanoallodynia and hyperalgesia, measured for 5 days postoperatively by local responses to von Frey filaments. R-Duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine were administered systemically (intraperitoneal) or locally (subcutaneous [SC]) 1 hour before the surgery the block of Na+ currents in rat neuronal GH3 cells was determined under the whole-cell configuration. RESULTS: Ipsilateral SC injections (2 mg/0.4 mL) of R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine reduced both postoperative allodynia and hyperalgesia by approximately 89% to 99% in the area under the curve of skin responses next to incision over 5 days. Systemic intraperitoneal injections at a higher dosage (10 mg) had smaller analgesic effects (reduced by approximately 53%-69%), whereas contralateral SC injections (10 mg) were ineffective. Both R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine blocked neuronal Na+ currents, with a higher affinity for the inactivated than the resting states. In addition, both drugs elicited significant use-dependent block of Na+ currents when stimulated at 5 Hz. CONCLUSIONS: R-Duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine are highly effective against postoperative pain using the skin incision model, and they elicit both tonic and use-dependent block of neuronal Na+ channels. Our results suggest that R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine are applicable as novel analgesics.

AB - BACKGROUND: Antidepressant S-duloxetine alleviates intractable pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy and fibromyalgia. It also reduces both acute and persistent pain in various animal models. This study addresses whether the enantiomer, R-duloxetine, and the homolog, N-methyl duloxetine, could act as analgesics and whether they block neuronal Na+ channels. METHODS: The rat incision plus extension model on the dorsothoracic skin was applied to evoke postoperative mechanoallodynia and hyperalgesia, measured for 5 days postoperatively by local responses to von Frey filaments. R-Duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine were administered systemically (intraperitoneal) or locally (subcutaneous [SC]) 1 hour before the surgery the block of Na+ currents in rat neuronal GH3 cells was determined under the whole-cell configuration. RESULTS: Ipsilateral SC injections (2 mg/0.4 mL) of R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine reduced both postoperative allodynia and hyperalgesia by approximately 89% to 99% in the area under the curve of skin responses next to incision over 5 days. Systemic intraperitoneal injections at a higher dosage (10 mg) had smaller analgesic effects (reduced by approximately 53%-69%), whereas contralateral SC injections (10 mg) were ineffective. Both R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine blocked neuronal Na+ currents, with a higher affinity for the inactivated than the resting states. In addition, both drugs elicited significant use-dependent block of Na+ currents when stimulated at 5 Hz. CONCLUSIONS: R-Duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine are highly effective against postoperative pain using the skin incision model, and they elicit both tonic and use-dependent block of neuronal Na+ channels. Our results suggest that R-duloxetine and N-methyl duloxetine are applicable as novel analgesics.

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