In this study, fabrication of microfluidic paper based analytical devices (μPADs) by microembossing was proposed. Different from the embossing methods described in the literature, the filter paper was embossed such that a protruded structure was formed, which subsequently became the channel after heating the wax at the backside of the filter paper. It was found that, when using the Whatman No. 3 filter paper, the embossing pressure needed to be larger than 50 kg/cm2 in conjunction with using a minimal 2-mm wide channel, and the wax heating time ranged from 15 to 45 s in order to obtain a reliable μPAD with repetitive and consistent results. In addition, there was no need of a hydrophobic material as the backside support. The glucose detection was demonstrated using the μPADs as fabricated and a linear relationship was obtained between 5 and 50 mM glucose concentrations. With the proposed method, the processing time of fabricating μPADs can be reduced within approximately 1 min.
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