Reactive oxygen species-induced cell death of rat primary astrocytes through mitochondria-mediated mechanism

Chia Chun Wang, Kuan Min Fang, Chung Shi Yang, Shun Fen Tzeng

研究成果: Article同行評審

59 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Astrocytes, the most abundant glial cell population in the central nervous system (CNS), play physiological roles in neuronal activities. Oxidative insult induced by the injury to the CNS causes neural cell death through extrinsic and intrinsic pathways. This study reports that reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by exposure to the strong oxidizing agent, hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) as a chemical-induced oxidative stress model, caused astrocytes to undergo an apoptosis-like cell death through a caspase-3-independent mechanism. Although activating protein-1 (AP-1) and NF-κB were activated in Cr(VI)-primed astrocytes, the inhibition of their activity failed to increase astrocytic cell survival. The results further indicated that the reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was accompanied by an increase in the levels of ROS in Cr(VI)-primed astrocytes. Moreover, pretreatment of astrocytes with N-acetylcysteine (NAC), the potent ROS scavenger, attenuated ROS production and MMP loss in Cr(VI)-primed astrocytes, and significantly increased the survival of astrocytes, implying that the elevated ROS disrupted the mitochondrial function to result in the reduction of astrocytic cell viability. In addition, the nuclear expression of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and endonuclease G (EndoG) was observed in Cr(VI)-primed astrocytes. Taken together, evidence shows that astrocytic cell death occurs by ROS-induced oxidative insult through a caspase-3-independent apoptotic mechanism involving the loss of MMP and an increase in the nuclear levels of mitochondrial pro-apoptosis proteins (AIF/EndoG). This mitochondria-mediated but caspase-3-independent apoptotic pathway may be involved in oxidative stress-induced astrocytic cell death in the injured CNS.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)933-943
頁數11
期刊Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
107
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2009 8月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物化學
  • 分子生物學
  • 細胞生物學

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