This study systematically evaluates Neodymium (Nd) recovery from actual seawaters and wastewater using functionalized magnetic ferrite (3-mercaptopropionic acid-tetraethyl orthosilicate ferrite, MPA-TEOS-ferrite). The recovery of Nd by MPA-TEOS-ferrite displayed an L-shaped nonlinear isotherm, suggesting limiting binding sites on the adsorbent surface. At room temperature, a significant recovery of Nd by MPA-TEOS-ferrite increased from 8.99% to 99.99% with increasing pH (2.89–8.16) and an enhanced maxima Nd recovery capacity was observed on MPA-TEOS-ferrite (25.58 mg/g) when compared with pure ferrite (22.27 mg/g). The L3-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra for the adsorbents collected after Nd recovery indicated that Nd(III) was still the predominant oxidation species on the surface of MPA-TEOS-ferrite. Only slightly change in the oxidation state or electronic structure around the Nd ions could be found during the adsorption process. Importantly, no significant change was found on Nd recovery while the NaCl ionic strength increased from 0.01 to 0.5 N. Furthermore, the results also displayed that the synthesized MPA-TEOS-ferrite has a great potential in efficient and rapid recovery of Nd from seawaters and wastewater.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal