The in vitro effect of extracted fractions of Cordyceps sinensis (CS) mycelium on hCG-treated testosterone production from purified normal mouse Leydig cells was examined. Different fractions extracted from CS (F1-water soluble polysaccharide, F2- water soluble protein and F3- poorly water soluble polysaccharide, and protein) were added to Leydig cells with hCG, and the production of testosterone was determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Testosterone productions stimulated by hCG in mouse Leydig cells were suppressed by F2 at 10 mg/ml and F3 at doses from 3 to 10 mg/ml, respectively. F2 and F3 at 10 mg/ml did inhibit dbcAMP-stimulated testosterone productions which indicated that F2 and F3 might affect steroidogenesis at the site after the formation of cyclic AMP. Finally, cycloheximide inhibited F2- and F3-treated mouse Leydig cell testosterone production.
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