Growing consumption of fossil reserves to meet the rising demand of energy has led to climate deterioration and simultaneous waste generation, urging modern society to find sustainable energy resource that can meet the growing energy demands and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprints. In this aspect, hydrogen (H2) is one of the most promising sustainable clean fuels that has gained significant interest in recent years. This article highlights the major research progress on biohydrogen production from renewable bioresources such as organic wastes, lignocellulosic biomass, algal biomass, and industrial wastewaters. It summarizes the research highlights of manuscripts published in the special issue (VSI: ReBioH2-2020), which contains twenty-two articles, including seven critical reviews and fifteen research articles, focusing on biotechnological and thermochemical routes for biohydrogen production from renewable feedstocks. The major findings of the research works in this special issue can be used as a road–map for sustainable renewable hydrogen production from bioresources.
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