Background: A comprehensive study of respiratory pathogens was conducted in an area with a low prevalence of COVID-19 among the adults quarantined at a tertiary hospital. Methods: From March to May 2020, 201 patients suspected lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) were surveyed for etiologies by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR: FilmArray TM Respiratory Panel) test combination with cultural method, viral antigen detection and serologic surveys. Results: Total 201 patients tested with FilmArray TM Respiratory Panel were enrolled, of which 68.2% had sputum bacterial culture, 86.1% had pneumococcus and Legionella urine antigen test. Their median age was 72.0 year-old with multiple comorbidities, and 11.4% were nursing home residents. Bacteria accounted for 59.7% of identified pathogens. Atypical pathogens were identified in 31.3% of total pathogens, of which viruses accounted for 23.9%. In comparison to patients with bacterial infection, patients with atypical pathogens were younger (median= 77.2 vs 67.1, years, P = 0.017) and had shorter length of hospital (8.0 vs 4.5, days, P = 0.007). Conclusions: Patients with LRTI caused by atypical pathogens was indistinguishable from those with bacterial pathogens by clinical manifestations or biomarkers. Multiplex PCR providing rapid diagnosis of atypical pathogens enhance patient care and decision making when rate of sputum culture sampling was low in quarantine ward during pandemic.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 免疫學與微生物學 (全部)