Purpose: This study used the Criteria for Distinguishing Abuse from Accidents Chinese version (CDAA-C) to determine cases of child abuse, undetermined intent, and unintentional injury, and compared risk factors and injury profiles among hospitalized children in Taiwan. Design: A retrospective chart review study. Methods: We selected children aged 0-3 who were hospitalized with a discharge diagnosis of injury or child maltreatment in a medical center in southern Taiwan between 2007 and 2009. The CDAA-C was used to collect children's demographics and injury types and to determine the intent of injury. Children's charts with records and notes of admission, surgery and emergency care were reviewed and analyzed. Results: Among 157 eligible cases, the CDAA-C identified 13 child abuse cases including additional 8 victims who were not previously coded in ICD-9-CM. Most abused children suffered from brain injuries, had ≥. 2 in jury incidents, and had a misdiagnosis in the previous visit. Abused children were younger and more likely to be born premature. Conclusions: This study highlighted the under-diagnosis of child abuse in Taiwan. An easy-to-use standardized screening tool for child abuse in Taiwan is needed.
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