Risk Factors for Postoperative Ileus Following Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis

Yu Chang, Chia En Wong, Wei Cheng Chen, Hao Hsiang Hsu, Po Hsuan Lee, Chi Chen Huang, Jung Shun Lee

研究成果: Review article同行評審


Study design: Systematic review and meta-analysis Objectives: Postoperative ileus (POI) can negatively impact patient recovery and surgical outcomes after spine surgery. Emerging studies have focused on the risk factors for POI after spine surgery. This study aimed to review the available literature on risk factors associated with POI following elective spine surgery. Methods: Electronic databases were searched to identify relevant studies. Meta-analysis was performed using random-effect model. Risk factors for POI were summarized using pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Twelve studies were included in the present review. Meta-analysis demonstrated males exhibited a higher risk of POI than females odds ratio (OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.54-2.01). Patients with anemia had a higher risk of POI than those without anemia (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.04-2.11). Patients with liver disease (OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.2-9.08) had a higher risk of POI. The presence of perioperative fluid and electrolyte imbalances was a predictor of POI (OR, 3.24; 95% CI, 2.62-4.02). Spine surgery involving more than 3 levels had a higher risk of POI compared to that with 1-2 levels (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.03-3.23). Conclusions: Male sex and the presence of anemia and liver disease were significant patient factors associated with POI. Perioperative fluid and electrolyte imbalance and multilevel spine surgery significantly increased the risk of POI. In addition, through this comprehensive review, we identified several perioperative risk factors associated with the development of POI after spine surgery.

頁(從 - 到)707-717
期刊Global Spine Journal
出版狀態Published - 2024 3月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 手術
  • 骨科和運動醫學
  • 神經病學(臨床)


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