Risk of Incident Epilepsy After a Middle Cerebral Artery Territory Infarction

Cheng Yang Hsieh, Chien Chou Su, Edward Chia Cheng Lai, Yu Shiue Chen, Tzu Hsin Huang, Yea Huei Kao Yang, Chih Hung Chen, Sheng Feng Sung, Chin Wei Huang

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Among poststroke morbidities, poststroke epilepsy (PSE) has been identified as a significant clinical issue. Although middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarct is the most common type of stroke among all vascular territories, very few studies specifically focused on the risk factors leading to PSE in patients with MCA infarct. Methods: A population study in Taiwan has been conducted, linking the National Health Insurance Research Database and Hospital Stroke Registry, from 2001 to 2015 and 2006 to 2010, respectively. Patients were divided into MCA and non-MCA groups, and the diagnosis of incident epilepsy between the groups has been compared. The multivariable Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify the risk factors for developing PSE. The distribution of time to PSE was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: In total, 1,838 patients were recruited, with 774 and 1,064 in the MCA and non-MCA groups, respectively. PSE incidence in the MCA group was 15.5% vs. 6.2% in the non-MCA group, with a hazard ratio of (95% CI) 2.06 (1.33–3.19). Factors significantly associated with PSE included atrial fibrillation, depression, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores of ≥ 16, and alert on arrival. For patients with MCA infarct, higher NIHSS and Glasgow coma scale scores, the presence of visual field defects and weakness, urination control impairment, and complications during hospitalization were associated with a higher risk for PSE development. Conclusions: This study established the conditions leading to a higher risk of PSE and identified the important clinical risk factors in patients experiencing MCA infarct. Efforts to manage these risk factors may be important in preventing PSE in patients with MCA infarct.

原文English
文章編號765969
期刊Frontiers in Neurology
13
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022 3月 3

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 神經內科
  • 神經病學(臨床)

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