Roles of Silver-Chloride Complexations in Sunlight-Driven Formation of Silver Nanoparticles

Abhishek Singh, Wen Che Hou, Tsair Fuh Lin, Richard G. Zepp

研究成果: Article同行評審

23 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


In aerobic natural surface water, a silver ion (Ag+) exists in various Ag+-Cl- complexes because of a strong affinity for a chloride ion (Cl-); however, little information is available about the role of the Ag+-Cl- complex in the formation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). This study demonstrates that soluble AgClx (x-1)- species act as a precursor of AgNPs under simulated sunlight irradiation. The AgNP photoproduction increases with Cl- levels up to 0.0025 M ([Ag+] = 5 × 10-7 M) and decreases with continued Cl- level increase (0.09 to 0.5 M). At [Cl-] ≤ 0.0025 M (freshwater systems), photoproduction of AgNP correlates with the formation of AgCl(aq), suggesting that it is the most photoactive species in those systems. Matching the ionic strength of experiments containing various Cl- levels indicates that the trend in AgNP photoproduction correlates with Cl- concentrations rather than ionic strength-induced effects. The photoproduction of AgNPs is highly pH-dependent, especially at pH > 8.3. The UV and visible light portions of the solar light spectrum are equally important in photoreduction of Ag+. Overall, we show evidence that AgClx (x-1)- species irradiated under sunlight conditions contributes to the formation of nanosized silver (Ag) in the environment.

期刊Environmental Science and Technology
出版狀態Accepted/In press - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般化學
  • 環境化學


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