Room-temperature biphoton source with a spectral brightness near the ultimate limit

Jia Mou Chen, Chia Yu Hsu, Wei Kai Huang, Shih Si Hsiao, Fu Chen Huang, Yi Hsin Chen, Chih Sung Chuu, Ying Cheng Chen, Yong Fan Chen, Ite A. Yu

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Biphotons, generated from a hot atomic vapor via the process of spontaneous four-wave mixing (SFWM), have the following merits: Stable and tunable frequencies as well as linewidth. Such merits are very useful in the application of long-distance quantum communication. However, the hot-atom SFWM biphoton sources previously had far lower values of generation rate per linewidth, i.e., spectral brightness, as compared with the sources of biphotons generated by the spontaneous parametric down-conversion process. Here we report a hot-atom SFWM source of biphotons with a linewidth of 960 kHz and a generation rate of 3.7×105 pairs/s. The high generation rate, together with the narrow linewidth, results in a spectral brightness of 3.8×105 pairs/s/MHz, which is 17 times the previous best result with atomic vapors and also better than all known results with all kinds of media. The all-co-propagating scheme together with a large optical depth (OD) of the atomic vapor is the key improvement, enabling the achieved spectral brightness to be about one quarter of the ultimate limit. Furthermore, this biphoton source had a signal-to-background ratio (SBR) of 2.7, which violated the Cauchy-Schwartz inequality for classical light by about 3.6-fold. Although an increasing spectral brightness usually leads to a decreasing SBR, our systematic study indicates that both of the present spectral brightness and SBR can be enhanced by further increasing the OD. This work demonstrates a significant advancement and provides useful knowledge in quantum technology using photons.

期刊Physical Review Research
出版狀態Published - 2022 6月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 物理與天文學 (全部)


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