Rufinamide, a Triazole-Derived Antiepileptic Drug, Stimulates Ca2+-Activated K+ Currents While Inhibiting Voltage-Gated Na+ Currents

Ming Chi Lai, Sheng Nan Wu, Chin Wei Huang

研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Rufinamide (RFM) is a clinically utilized antiepileptic drug that, as a triazole derivative, has a unique structure. The extent to which this drug affects membrane ionic currents remains incompletely understood. With the aid of patch clamp technology, we investigated the effects of RFM on the amplitude, gating, and hysteresis of ionic currents from pituitary GH3 lactotrophs. RFM increased the amplitude of Ca2+-activated K+ currents (IK(Ca)) in pituitary GH3 lactotrophs, and the increase was attenuated by the further addition of iberiotoxin or paxilline. The addition of RFM to the cytosolic surface of the detached patch of membrane resulted in the enhanced activity of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BKCa channels), and paxilline reversed this activity. RFM increased the strength of the hysteresis exhibited by the BKCa channels and induced by an inverted isosceles-triangular ramp pulse. The peak and late voltage-gated Na+ current (INa) evoked by rapid step depolarizations were differentially suppressed by RFM. The molecular docking approach suggested that RFM bound to the intracellular domain of KCa1.1 channels with amino acid residues, thereby functionally affecting BKCa channels’ activity. This study is the first to present evidence that, in addition to inhibiting the INa, RFM effectively modifies the IK(Ca), which suggests that it has an impact on neuronal function and excitability.

原文English
文章編號13677
期刊International journal of molecular sciences
23
發行號22
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022 11月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學

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