Se transformation and removal by a cattail litter treatment system inoculated with sulfur-based denitrification sludge: Role of the microbial community composition under various temperature and aeration conditions

Chuanqi Zhou, Zi Jing Wang, Jung Chen Huang, Lixin Zheng, Xinyu Gan, Manping Zhang, Shengbing He, Weili Zhou

研究成果: Article同行評審

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

With a narrow margin between deficiency and toxicity, rising levels of selenium (Se) are threatening aquatic ecosystems. To investigate the role of microorganisms in Se bioremediation, a cattail litter system inoculated with the sulfur-based denitrification sludge was conducted. The results show the litter, as a carrier and nutrient source for bacteria, efficiently removed Se by ~ 97.0% during a 12-d treatment with water circulating. As the major removal pathways, immobilization rates of selenite were ~ 2.9-fold higher than selenate, and the volatilization, contributing to ~ 87.7% of the total Se removal, was significantly correlated with temperature (positively) and oxidation-reduction potential (ORP; negatively). Using X-ray absorption spectroscopy to speciate litter-borne Se, more Se0 formed without aeration due to abundant Se-reducing bacteria, among which Azospira and Azospirillum were highly related to the removal of both Se oxyanions, while Desulfovibrio, Azoarcus, Sulfurospirillum, Thauera, Geobacter, Clostridium, and Pediococcus were the major contributors to selenate removal. Overall, our study suggests microbial Se metabolism in the litter system was significantly affected by temperature and ORP, which could be manipulated to enhance Se removal efficiency and the transformation of selenate/selenite into low toxic Se0 and volatile Se, reducing risks posed by the residual Se in the system.

原文English
文章編號126617
期刊Journal of Hazardous Materials
420
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 10月 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 環境工程
  • 環境化學
  • 廢物管理和處置
  • 污染
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變

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