We report a facile seed-mediated method for the synthesis of monodisperse polyhedral gold nanoparticles, with systematic shape evolution from octahedral to trisoctahedral structures. The control over the particle growth process was achieved simply by changing the concentration of the reductant in the growth solution, in the presence of small spherical seed nanoparticles. By progressively increasing the concentration of the reductant used in the growth solution (ascorbic acid), while keeping the amount and type of added surfactant constant, the morphology of the gold nanoparticles was varied from octahedral to truncated octahedral, cuboctahedral, truncated cubic, cubic, and finally trisoctahedral structures. These nanoparticles were monodisperse in size, possessed similar volumes, and were naturally oriented so that their larger crystal planes were face down on quartz substrates when deposited from the solution. By adjusting the volume of gold seed nanoparticle solution added to a growth solution, the size of the simplest gold nanoparticles (with a highly symmetric cubic morphology) could be tuned from 50 ± 2.1 to 112 ± 11 nm. When other seed nanoparticles were used, the size of the cubic Au nanoparticles reached 169 ± 7.0 nm. The nanoparticle growth mechanism and the plasmonic properties of the resulting polyhedral nanoparticles are discussed in this paper.
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