Single-step catalytic deoxygenation of palm feedstocks for the production of sustainable bio-jet fuel

Elaine Siew Kuan Why, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Hwei Voon Lee, Wei Hsin Chen, N. Asikin-Mijan, Mahendra Varman, Wen Jing Loh

研究成果: Article同行評審

11 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The production of jet fuel from renewable source (i.e., biomass) has been improving since the past few years. In Malaysia, palm-based biomass is being widely studied for the production of transportation fuels due to its abundant supply. Hence, this study focused on the production of bio-jet fuel from different types of palm oil (e.g., palm-based waste cooking oil, palm olein, palm kernel oil) through deoxygenation process. Several types of deoxygenation catalysts (e.g., CaO, Zeolite, V2O5, Pd/C, TiO2) were selected to investigate the efficiency of jet fuel-based hydrocarbon production under condition of 400 °C for 2 h with different catalyst loading (e.g., 0 wt%, 5 wt%, 6 wt%, 7 wt%, 8 wt%, 9 wt% and 10 wt%). The physico-chemical properties of yielded liquid fuel were tested by using GC-MS analyses, as well as density, kinematic viscosity, cloud point, pour point, smoke point, flash point and final boiling point. The deoxygenation of PKO over Pd/C at 8 wt% yielded the highest molar concentration of 96% liquid product (e.g., n-paraffins, isoparaffins, olefins, naphthenes, aromatic) and 73% of jet paraffins selectivity (C8–C16) under 400 °C for 2 h. In addition, the physicochemical properties of palm-based liquid fuel are complied with standard Jet A-1 fuel, in accordance to ASTM standards. The low temperature fluidity, combustion characteristics, and fuel volatility of this liquid product were comparable to Jet A-1 fuel.

出版狀態Published - 2022 1月 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 土木與結構工程
  • 建築與營造
  • 建模與模擬
  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 燃料技術
  • 能源工程與電力技術
  • 污染
  • 能源(全部)
  • 機械工業
  • 工業與製造工程
  • 管理、監督、政策法律
  • 電氣與電子工程


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