Size distributions and exposure concentrations of nanoparticles associated with the emissions of oil mists from fastener manufacturing processes

Ying Fang Wang, Perng Jy Tsai, Chun Wan Chen, Da Ren Chen, Yu Tung Dai

研究成果: Article同行評審

14 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The aims of the present study were set out to measure size distributions and estimate workers' exposure concentrations of oil mist nanoparticles in three selected workplaces of the forming, threading, and heat treating areas in a fastener manufacturing plant by using a modified electrical aerosol detector (MEAD). The results were further compared with those simultaneously obtained from a nanoparticle surface area monitor (NSAM) and a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) for the validation purpose. Results show that oil mist nanoparticles in the three selected process areas were formed mainly through the evaporation and condensation processes. The measured size distributions of nanoparticles were consistently in the form of uni-modal. The estimated fraction of nanoparticles deposited on the alveolar (AV) region was consistently much higher than that on the head airway (HD) and tracheobronchial (TB) regions in both number and surface area concentration bases. However, a significant difference was found in the estimated fraction of nanoparticles deposited on each individual region while different exposure metrics were used. Comparable results were found between results obtained from both NSAM and MEAD. After normalization, no significant difference can be found between the results obtained from SMPS and MEAD. It is concluded that the obtained MEAD results are suitable for assessing oil mist nanoparticle exposures.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)182-187
頁數6
期刊Journal of Hazardous Materials
198
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2011 12月 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 環境工程
  • 環境化學
  • 廢物管理和處置
  • 污染
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變

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