Solid biofuel production from spent coffee ground wastes: Process optimisation, characterisation and kinetic studies

Xin Jiat Lee, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Wei Gao, Yong Sik Ok, Wei Hsin Chen, Brandon Han Hoe Goh, Cheng Tung Chong

研究成果: Article同行評審

38 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The massive generation of spent coffee ground wastes has become an environmental concern around the world. Thus, in this research work, spent coffee grounds of Coffea arabica species were evaluated as potential feedstock for solid biofuel production to reduce solid waste and to generate value products. Pyrolysis temperature, pyrolysis time and heating rate were the dominating factors affecting the biochar and energy yields from the response surface methodology analysis. The spent coffee ground biochar (SCG-biochar) was then optimised of its pyrolysis parameters, with promising biochar yield (29.94%) and high energy yield (41.60%). The optimised SCG-biochar was characterised and found to possess favourable fuel characteristics such as high carbon percentage (80.35%), low oxygen percentage (12.43%), low H/C ratio (0.44), low O/C (0.12) and high fuel ratio (6.75), which will contribute to higher energy generation and lesser emission of greenhouse gases. The optimised SCG-biochar possessed high thermal efficiencies with low activation energies (63.24 kJ mol−1 –122.93 kJ mol−1) with attractive unit cost of $ 7.22 per kg which can be used in combustion process effectively. Therefore, the fuel and combustion characteristics of SCG-biochar signifies a promising development of feasible biofuels for energy generation.

原文English
文章編號120309
期刊Fuel
292
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 5月 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般化學工程
  • 燃料技術
  • 能源工程與電力技術
  • 有機化學

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