The integrity and safety of metallic structures can be jeopardized by structural damage (e.g., yielding, cracking, impact, corrosion) that can occur during operation or service. While a variety of sensors have been proposed and validated for structural health monitoring, most sensors only provide data regarding a discrete point on the structure, thereby requiring densely-distributed sensors; however, such an approach may be infeasible for many structures due to geometrical and economic constraints. In this study, a nanoengineered carbon nanotube-polyelectrolyte sensing skin is proposed for monitoring strain, impact, and corrosion of metallic structures. Experimental validation studies have verified that these conformable films exhibit highly sensitive electromechanical and electrochemical responses to applied strain and corrosion processes, respectively. Here, the proposed nanocomposite is coupled with an electrical impedance tomographic (EIT) conductivity imaging technique. Unlike traditional point-based sensing transducers, EIT reconstructs two-dimensional skin conductivity distributions for damage identification of large structural components. Since EIT relies solely on boundary electrical measurements, one does not need to physically probe each structural location for data acquisition. Instead, any structural damage that affects the nanocomposite coating will produce localized changes in film conductivity detectable via EIT and boundary electrical measurements.
|期刊||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|出版狀態||Published - 2008 六月 2|
|事件||Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2008 - San Diego, CA, United States|
持續時間: 2008 三月 10 → 2008 三月 13
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes