Spatial structural sensing by carbon nanotube-based skins

Kenneth J. Loh, Tsung Chin Hou, Jerome P. Lynch, Nicholas A. Kotov

研究成果: Conference article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The integrity and safety of metallic structures can be jeopardized by structural damage (e.g., yielding, cracking, impact, corrosion) that can occur during operation or service. While a variety of sensors have been proposed and validated for structural health monitoring, most sensors only provide data regarding a discrete point on the structure, thereby requiring densely-distributed sensors; however, such an approach may be infeasible for many structures due to geometrical and economic constraints. In this study, a nanoengineered carbon nanotube-polyelectrolyte sensing skin is proposed for monitoring strain, impact, and corrosion of metallic structures. Experimental validation studies have verified that these conformable films exhibit highly sensitive electromechanical and electrochemical responses to applied strain and corrosion processes, respectively. Here, the proposed nanocomposite is coupled with an electrical impedance tomographic (EIT) conductivity imaging technique. Unlike traditional point-based sensing transducers, EIT reconstructs two-dimensional skin conductivity distributions for damage identification of large structural components. Since EIT relies solely on boundary electrical measurements, one does not need to physically probe each structural location for data acquisition. Instead, any structural damage that affects the nanocomposite coating will produce localized changes in film conductivity detectable via EIT and boundary electrical measurements.

期刊Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
出版狀態Published - 2008
事件Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2008 - San Diego, CA, United States
持續時間: 2008 3月 102008 3月 13

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子、光磁材料
  • 凝聚態物理學
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 應用數學
  • 電氣與電子工程


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