Spent coffee grounds biochar from torrefaction as a potential adsorbent for spilled diesel oil recovery and as an alternative fuel

Kuan Ting Lee, Ching Lin Cheng, Da Sheng Lee, Wei Hsin Chen, Dai Viet N. Vo, Lu Ding, Su Shiung Lam

研究成果: Article同行評審

8 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

A new approach using torrefied spent coffee grounds (TSCG) as a bioadsorbent is presented for marine oil spill recovery. The adsorbent after diesel adsorption is referred to as “oilchar”. The torrefaction of spent coffee grounds (SCG) is performed at 200, 250, and 300 °C where the solid yields are 95%, 80%, and 62%, respectively. The specific surface area, hydrophobicity, thermal stability, diesel adsorption capacity of SCG increases with increasing torrefaction temperature. SCG torrefied at 300 °C (300-TSCG) can intensify its specific surface area, contact angle, crystallinity, diesel adsorption capacity by factors of 7.6 folds, 10.3%, 35%, and 1.47 times, respectively. The diesel adsorption capacity of 300-TSCG is 1.36 times that of commercial activated carbon. The higher heating value of 300-TSCG is 30.32 MJ kg−1, accounting for a 45.1% improvement compared with that of untorrefied SCG. After adsorbing diesel, the HHV of the oilchar from 300-TSCG is 1.23 times that of SCG-oilchar, while the ignition temperature of 300-TSCG decreases from 301 to 157 °C. Overall, TSCG is a promising material to adsorb spilled diesel oil for environmental protection, and the resultant oilchar is a potential alternative fuel for thermal power plants and steel mills, thereby achieving waste reuse and circular economy.

原文English
文章編號122467
期刊Energy
239
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022 1月 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 土木與結構工程
  • 建築與營造
  • 建模與模擬
  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 燃料技術
  • 能源工程與電力技術
  • 污染
  • 能源(全部)
  • 機械工業
  • 工業與製造工程
  • 管理、監督、政策法律
  • 電氣與電子工程

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