Spinal decompression surgery may alleviate vasopressor-induced spinal hemorrhage and extravasation during acute cervical spinal cord injury in rats

Chia Chen Ko, Po Hsuan Lee, Jung Shun Lee, Kun Ze Lee

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

BACKGROUND: Cervical spinal injury often disrupts the supraspinal vasomotor pathways projecting to the thoracic sympathetic preganglionic neurons, leading to cardiovascular dysfunction. The current guideline is to maintain the mean arterial blood pressure at 85 to 90 mmHg using a vasopressor during the first week of the injury. Some studies have demonstrated that this treatment might be beneficial to alleviate secondary injury and improve neurological outcomes; however, elevation of blood pressure may exacerbate spinal hemorrhage, extravasation, and edema, exacerbating the initial injury. PURPOSE: The present study was designed to (1) examine whether vasopressor administration exacerbates spinal hemorrhage and extravasation; (2) evaluate whether spinal decompression surgery relieves vasopressor-induced spinal hemorrhage and extravasation. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo animal study. METHODS: Animals received a saline solution or a vasopressor (phenylephrine hydrochloride, 500 or 1000 μg/kg, 7 mL/kg/h) after mid-cervical contusion with or without spinal decompression (ie, incision of the dura and arachnoid mater). Spinal cord hemorrhage and extravasation were examined by expression of Evans blue within the spinal cord section. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that cervical spinal contusion significantly reduced the mean arterial blood pressure and induced spinal hemorrhage and extravasation. Phenylephrine infusion significantly elevated the mean arterial blood pressure to the pre-injury level within 15 to 60 minutes postcontusion; however, spinal hemorrhage and extravasation were more extensive in animals that received phenylephrine than in those that received saline. Notably, spinal decompression mitigated spinal hemorrhage and extravasation in contused rats who received phenylephrine. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that, although phenylephrine can prevent hypotension after cervical spinal injury, it also causes excess spinal hemorrhage and extravasation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Spinal decompressive surgery seemed to minimize the side effect of phenylephrine as vasopressor treatment during acute spinal cord injury.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)519-533
頁數15
期刊Spine Journal
24
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Accepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 手術
  • 骨科和運動醫學
  • 神經病學(臨床)

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