Stability of Bi2O3-based ionic conductor and its application on composite cathode

Shu Yi Tsai, Kuan Zong Fung, Chung Ta Ni, Yu Fan Chang

研究成果: Conference contribution

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In recent years, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been considered as desired devices for generating electricity by electrochemical combination of a fuel with an oxidant. Oxygen ion conductors are usually used as the electrolytes for SOFCs. Among several types of oxygen ion conductors such as CeO2, stabilized Bi2O3 and ZrO2, Bi2O3 with stabilizers exhibit the highest oxygen ion conductivity. Although Bi2O3 tends to be reduced to Bi metal, Bi2O3 incorporated with proper dopants will show enhanced stability against hydrogen. The highest OCV for SOFC using Bi2O3-based electrolyte is around 0.5V which is still too low to be practical. On the other hand, Bi2O3-based system may make a good ionic component for a composite cathode. In this study, we choose yttria-stabilized bismuth oxides (YSB) as ionic conductor and mixed with strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) for composite cathode. Size effect of LSM on the polarization resistance was investigated by using conventional solid-state reacted and nano-sized LSM. The electrochemical performances of composite cathodes with different LSM:YSB ratios have been investigated at temperature ranging from 500°C to 650°C using AC impedance spectroscopy. The polarization resistance measured from a symmetric cell consisting of nano-sized LSM-YSB electrodes on a YSB electrolyte is 50% lower than that of submicron-sized LSM-YSB cathodes by SSR (0.2 ohmcm2) at 650°C. The polarization of cathode is reduced because of the mixing of high surface area electric conducting materials and ionic conducting materials. The nanostructure of composite cathode is able to extend triple phase boundary (electronic conductor, ionic conductor, and oxygen gas) and provide numerous reaction sites for electrochemical reaction to occur.

原文English
主出版物標題Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015
編輯S. C. Singhal, K. Eguchi
發行者Electrochemical Society Inc.
頁面867-874
頁數8
版本1
ISBN(電子)9781607685395
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2015 一月 1
事件14th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2015; held as part of the Electrochemical Society, ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage - Glasgow, United Kingdom
持續時間: 2015 七月 262015 七月 31

出版系列

名字ECS Transactions
號碼1
68
ISSN(列印)1938-6737
ISSN(電子)1938-5862

Other

Other14th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2015; held as part of the Electrochemical Society, ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage
國家United Kingdom
城市Glasgow
期間15-07-2615-07-31

    指紋

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

引用此

Tsai, S. Y., Fung, K. Z., Ni, C. T., & Chang, Y. F. (2015). Stability of Bi2O3-based ionic conductor and its application on composite cathode. 於 S. C. Singhal, & K. Eguchi (編輯), Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015 (1 編輯, 頁 867-874). (ECS Transactions; 卷 68, 編號 1). Electrochemical Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1149/06801.0867ecst