Background: Two different techniques of performing segmentectomy have been reported in the era of video-assisted thoracosopic surgery (VATS), including stapled segmentectomy (SS) and non-stapled segmentectomy (NSS). Some surgeons favor stapled segmentectomy for better pneumostatic control, while others prefer non-stapled segmentectomy to avoid compromising adjacent pulmonary parenchyma. In this study, we used multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and spirometry to evaluate lung volume preservation of different segmentectomy techniques. Methods: A total of 269 patients undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy between October 2013 and September 2016 in a single institution were reviewed. Perioperative outcomes, the cost of hospital admission, the change in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) (ΔFEV1 and ΔFEV1%), and residual ipsilateral volume ratios (RiVR) were compared. Results: The final study population consisted of 107 patients: 30 patients underwent NSS, and 77 patients underwent SS. The NSS group had significantly longer operative time, more blood loss, longer duration of chest tube placement and postoperative hospitalization than the SS group. The follow-up of RiVR (at 6 months, 12 months, 24 months), ΔFEV1(L), and ΔFEV1(%) demonstrated no significant difference between NSS and SS group. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that postoperative residual lung volume was not influenced by different segmentectomy techniques.
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