The complex crystalline structure of gallium under nanoconfinement was revealed by synchrotron radiation x-ray powder diffraction. Nanoconfinement was shown to stabilize δ-Ga which is metastable in bulk. Two new gallium phases named ι- and κ-Ga were found upon cooling below room temperature. These crystalline modifications were stable and coexisted with known gallium phases. Correlations between confined gallium particle shapes and emergence of particular crystalline phases were observed. Melting and freezing temperatures for different gallium phases were obtained. Remarkable supercooling of liquid gallium was seen in 3.5 nm pores.
|頁（從 - 到）||1570-1573|
|期刊||Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics|
|出版狀態||Published - 2010 三月 29|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 物理與天文學 (全部)