The adipose-derived stem cell has been used in various regenerative medicine research due to its multiple differentiation capabilities. Developing a stable and quick approach for the differentiation of stem cells is a critical issue in tissue regenerative field. In this investigation, rat adipose-derived stem cells (rADSCs) were seeded onto the type I collagen/transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) immobilized polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate and then combined with short term dynamic stretching stimulation (intermittent or continuous stretching for 6 h) to induce the rADSCs chondrogenesis differentiation using the induction medium without growth factors added in vitro. Via regulating the extracellular chemical- and mechano-receptors of the cultured rADSCs, the chondrogenic differentiation was examined. After 72 h of static culture, proteoglycan secretion was noted on the surfaces modified by collagen with or without TGF-β1. After different stretching stimulations, significant proteoglycan secretion was noted on the surface modified by both collagen and collagen/TGF-β1, especially after the intermittent stretching culturing. Nonetheless, genetic expression of the chondrogenic markers: SOX-9, Col2a1, and aggrecan, instead, were dependent upon the surface grafted layer and the stretching mode utilized. These findings suggested that the surface chemical characteristics and external mechanical stimulation could synergistically affect the efficacy of chondrogenic differentiation of rADSCs.
|Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
|Published - 2020 12月
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