Al-Si alloys exhibit promising wear resistance, thus being mainly employed to weld Al alloy parts and processed into components of equipment. During the new continuous casting direct rolling (CCDR) process, the raw material gradually cools and solidifies, simultaneously plastically deformed. Hence, the materials manufactured through the CCDR process presented an unparalleled microstructure. The experimental results indicated that the strength of the CCDR Al-Si alloy can be increased through cold rolling. A two-stage heat treatment (solid solution and aging treatment) was introduced to improve the ductility and satisfy the industrial application. Furthermore, the erosion wear characteristics and fracture mechanism of the CCDR Al-Si alloy dominated by the ductility were confirmed. Both cold rolling specimens (FR) and those with heat treatment (FRH) showed greater wear resistance than as-manufactured (F). The FR specimens exhibited greater wear resistance owing to a higher Al matrix strength at a lower impact angle; on the other hand, at a higher impact angle, the FRH specimens with a softer Al matrix presented better wear resistance due to the formation of a lip structure to reduce material removal. The TEM results confirmed that the nanoscale grains formation was induced in the erosion-affected region and affected the Si concentration. Conclusively, the heat-treated CCDR Al-Si alloy possessed excellent erosion resistance and workability, which can serve as a reference processed as wear-resistant mechanical parts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 工程 (全部)