Submarine lavas from Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii: implications for Hawaiian shield stage processes

Yang Huai-Jen Yang, F. A. Frey, M. O. Garcia, D. A. Clague

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58 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In order to determine the geochemical characteristics of the Mauna Kea shield which is adjacent to the Kilauea and Mauna Loa shields, 12 Mauna Kea shield basalts dredged from the submarine east rift were analyzed for major and trace element contents and isotopic (Sr, Nd, and Pb) ratios. The lavas are MgO-rich (11 to 20%), submarine erupted, tholeiitic basalts, but they are not representative of crystallized MgO-rich melts. Their whole rock and mineral compositions are consistent with mixing of an evolved magma, <7% MgO, with a magma containing abundant olivine xenocrysts, probably disaggregated from a dunitic cumulate. The evolved melt component in these lavas reflects significant fractionation of plagioclase and clinopyroxene and in some cases even the late crystallizing phases orthopyroxene and Fe-Ti oxide. Each Hawaiian shield has distinctive geochemical characteristics. -from Authors

原文English
頁(從 - 到)15,577-15,594
期刊Journal of Geophysical Research
99
發行號B8
出版狀態Published - 1994 一月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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