The detection of specific pesticides on food products is essential as these substances pose health risks due to their toxicity. The use of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) takes advantage of the straightforward technique to obtain fingerprint spectra of target analytes. In this study, SERS-active substrates are made using Au nanoparticles (NPs) coated with a layer of polymer and followed by imprinting with a pesticide-Cypermethrin, as a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP). Cypermethrin was eventually removed and formed as template cavities, then denoted as Au NP/MIP, to capture the analogous molecules. The captured molecules situated in-between the areas of high electromagnetic field formed by plasmonic Au NPs result in an effect of SERS. The formation of Au NP/MIP was, respectively, studied through morphological analysis using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and compositional analysis using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Two relatively similar pesticides, Cypermethrin and Permethrin, were used as analytes. The results showed that Au NP/MIP was competent to detect both similar molecules despite the imprint being made only by Cypermethrin. Nevertheless, Au NP/MIP has a limited number of imprinted cavities that result in sensing only low concentrations of a pesticide solution. Au NP/MIP is thus a specific design for detecting analogous molecules similar to its template structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry