Sustainable approaches for algae utilisation in bioenergy production

Shir Reen Chia, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Kit Wayne Chew, Pau Loke Show, Siew Moi Phang, Tau Chuan Ling, Dillirani Nagarajan, Duu Jong Lee, Jo Shu Chang

研究成果: Article同行評審

133 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Rapidly increasing global energy consumption has caused depletion of fossil fuels, leading to the search of alternative energy resources. One of the potential solutions is utilizing algae biomass as the source of bioenergy. To fulfil the high biomass demands for biofuel production, it is of pivotal importance to develop feasible technologies to enable economic, efficient and high density cultivation of algae. Algae can be cultivated in either open or closed systems in the presence of nutrients and light intensity. The maximum yield, growth rate and composition of algae can be optimized according to cultivation conditions, such as temperature, pH, light intensity and nutrient concentration. The potential types of algae in contributing carbohydrate and lipids to produce biofuel such as biodiesel, bioethanol and bio-gas are reviewed. Economic feasibilities of algae based fuel production are discussed based on Life Cycle Analysis. Current challenges and future prospective are also presented to realize the use of algae as a feedstock for commercial and cost effective fuel production.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)838-852
頁數15
期刊Renewable Energy
129
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2018 十二月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境

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