Suture Contamination During Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair Is Associated With Significantly Higher Retear Rates in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Matched-Pair Analysis

Chih Kai Hong, Kai Lan Hsu, Fa Chuan Kuan, Yueh Chen, Ya Ting Lee, Pei Fang Tsai, Po Lin Chen, Wei Ren Su

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between suture contamination and rotator cuff tendon retear after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Methods: Patients undergoing primary arthroscopic rotator cuff repair from April 1, 2020, to September 30, 2022, were enrolled. Those younger than 18 years, with a history of shoulder surgeries or shoulder infection episodes, or who declined participation were excluded. A 5-cm section of the first-cut suture, originating from the anchor eyelet ends, in each rotator cuff repair surgery was subjected to bacteria culture and polymerase chain reaction analysis. Patients with positive culture findings were matched 1:1 to those with negative culture reports based on age, sex, tear size as well as involved tendons, preoperative fatty infiltration grade (Goutallier grade), and preoperative muscle atrophy grade (Warner score). Postoperative rotator cuff tendon retear assessments were conducted at the 6-month mark using the Sugaya classification via magnetic resonance imaging. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for matched-pair comparisons between the groups. Results: A total of 141 patients (60 men and 81 women) with a mean age of 61.0 ± 8 years were finally enrolled. Twenty-six patients (18 men and 8 women) had a positive culture, while 115 patients (42 men and 73 women) had a negative culture. After the propensity score matching process, 24 culture-negative patients (16 men and 8 women) were selected as the culture-negative group. Age, fatty infiltration grade, and muscle atrophy grade were not significantly different between matched groups. The retear grade in the culture-positive group was significantly higher than that in the culture-negative group (P = .020) under the matched-pair comparison. Cutibacterium acnes was the most prevalent bacterial species responsible for suture contamination. Conclusions: The matched-pair analysis revealed that the presence of bacterial contamination on sutures was associated with a higher risk of retear on magnetic resonance imaging following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective cohort study.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 骨科和運動醫學

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