This paper describes PVB/silica nanofibers which were fabricated by electrospinning. Although electrospinning has developed rapidly over the past few years, electrospinning nanofibers are still at a premature research stage which is a process by which polymer nanofibers can be formed when a droplet of viscoelastic polymer solution is subjected to high voltage electrostatic field. PVB/silica nanofibers were obtained when the PVB/silica precursor ratio was 15% and the average diameters ranged from 100 to 200 nm and increased with increasing solution concentration and electrospinning synthesized at 12 kV of the applied voltage. The morphologies and structures of PVB/silica nanofibers were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS).
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