Synthesis and conductivity enhancement of Al-doped ZnO nanorod array thin films

Chih Hsiung Hsu, Dong-Hwang Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

106 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Al-doped ZnO (AZO) nanorod array thin films with various Al/Zn molar ratios were synthesized by chemical bath deposition. The resultant AZO nanorods were well-aligned at the glass substrate, growing vertically along the c-axis [001] direction. In addition, they had an average diameter of 64.7 16.8nm and an average length of about 1.0νm with the structure of wurtzite-type ZnO. Analyses of energy dispersive x-ray spectra and x-ray photoelectron spectra indicated that Al atoms had been doped into the ZnO crystal lattice. The doping of Al atoms did not result in significant changes in the structure and crystal orientation, but the electrical resistivity was found to increase first and then decrease with increasing Al content owing to the increase of carrier concentration and the decrease of mobility. In addition, the transmission in the visible region increased but the increase was reduced at higher Al doping levels. After hydrogen treatment, the morphology of the AZO nanorod array thin films remained unchanged. However, the electrical resistivity decreased significantly due to the formation of oxygen vacancies and interstitial hydrogen atoms. When the real Al/Zn molar ratio was about 3.7%, the conductivity was enhanced about 1000 times and a minimum electrical resistivity of 6.4 × 10-4Ωcm was obtained. In addition, the transmission of the ZnO nanorod array thin film in the visible region was significantly increased but the increase was less significant for the AZO nanorod array thin film, particularly at higher Al doping levels. In addition, the current-voltage curves of the thin film devices with ZnO or AZO nanorod arrays revealed that AZO had a higher current response than ZnO and hydrogen treatment led to a more significant enhancement of current responses (about 100-fold).

原文English
文章編號285603
期刊Nanotechnology
21
發行號28
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2010 7月 6

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物工程
  • 一般化學
  • 一般材料科學
  • 材料力學
  • 機械工業
  • 電氣與電子工程

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