A homologous series of 4,4'-bis(omega-hydroxyalkoxy)-alpha-methylstilbenes, denoted HAMS-n, has been synthesized. Here n is the carbon atom length of the peripheral n-alkyl chain; in this work n = 2 to 8 and 11. The composition, microstructure, thermal properties, and mesomorphism of the homologues were determined using elemental analysis, 1H NMR, FTIR, DSC, wide angle X-ray diffraction, and polarizing optical microscopy with a heating stage. The influence of the length and the even/odd numbers of methylene units of the peripheral chains on the variants of mesomorphism and the stability of mesophases, as well as on their transition temperatures, are discussed. The homologues with n = 8 and 11 were enantiotropic monomorphic, CrG (or CrH). The odd homologues showed monotropic trimorphism on cooling, while the even homologues exhibited enantiotropic trimorphism. A pronounced even/odd effect on the melting temperatures was observed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化學 (全部)