Synthesis, characterization and platelet adhesion studies of novel ion- containing aliphatic polyurethanes

Kuo Yu Chen, Jen Feng Kuo, Chu Yung Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

73 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Two novel ion-containing aliphatic polyurethanes based on 4,4′-methylene dicyclohexyl diisocyanate (H12MDI), polytetramethyl oxide (PTMO) were synthesized using either sulfonated or carboxylated chain extender. The nonionic polyurethane chain extended with 1,4-butanediol, which is denoted as H-M-BD, was synthesized. Pellethane, a biomedical-grade polyurethane, was also studied for comparison. The polymer's bulk, surface, and platelet-contacting properties were studied using Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry, differential scanning calorimetry, water absorption analysis, electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis, static contact angle analysis, and in vitro platelet adhesion experiments. The effects of ion incorporation on the morphology, surface properties and blood compatibility are discussed. Unlike MDI-based Pellethane, all H12MDI-based polyurethanes are not composed of crystalline hard segment domain but are amorphous. The ionic polyurethanes exhibit a smaller fraction of hydrogen-bonded carbonyl groups, poorer phase separation, smaller fraction of PTMO residing at the surface, and smaller contact angle; however, significant higher water absorption value than H-M-BD and Pellethane. The in vitro platelet adhesion experiments indicated that ion incorporation, especially for carboxylate, significantly reduced the number and the degree of activation of the adherent platelets.

頁(從 - 到)161-171
出版狀態Published - 2000 1月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物工程
  • 陶瓷和複合材料
  • 生物物理學
  • 生物材料
  • 材料力學


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