Ulcerative colitis (UC) is the leading chronic gastrointestinal disorder, if untreated can cause colon cancer. We characterized tamarind xyloglucan (TXG) as an edible nano-fiber and investigated its role in UC mice. TXG was an efficient free radical quencher and antioxidant in nature. TXG increased the cell viability in DSS-induced cytotoxicity of intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6) and quenched intracellular reactive oxygen species in IEC-6 cells. Experimental colitis was induced in C57BL/6 mice by administering DSS 3% (w/v) in drinking water; TXG 100 and 300 mg/kg/day were given orally for 7 days simultaneously. TXG protected the colon by attenuating inflammatory cell infiltration, submucosal edema and crypt abscesses. TXG decreased oxidative stress by decreasing MDA, superoxide anion count, iNOS, NOX, COX-2 and p47 expression. Additionally, TXG decreased inflammation by decreasing TNF-α and increasing IL-10. Altogether, TXG is a novel antioxidant and plays an important role in attenuating DSS-induced UC in mice.
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