Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency disease caused by defects in the leukocyte NADP oxidase. We previously reported that sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium pump (SERCA) inhibitors could be used to rescue mutant H338Y-gp91phox protein of a particular type of CGD with a CybbC1024T mutation, leading to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention of the mutant protein. In this study, we developed a novel mouse model with the CybbC1024T mutation on a Cybb knockout background and investigated the therapeutic effects of ER-targeted delivery of the SERCA inhibitor, curcumin, with poly(lactic-coglycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs). We found that PLGA encapsulation improved the efficacy of curcumin as a SERCA inhibitor to induce ER calcium release. ER-targeting curcumin-loaded PLGA NPs reduced and delayed extracellular calcium entry and protected the cells from mitochondrial damage and apoptosis. In vivo studies showed that ER-targeting curcumin-loaded PLGA NPs treatment enhanced neutrophil gp91phox expression, ROS production and peritoneal bacterial clearance ability of the CybbC1024T transgenic Cybb2/2 mice. Our findings indicate that ER-targeted delivery of curcumin not only rescues ER-retained H338Y-gp91phox protein, and hence leukocyte function, but also enhances the bioavailability and reduces cytotoxicity. Modulation of ER function by using organelle-targeted NPs may be a promising strategy to improve the therapeutic potential of curcumin as a treatment for CGD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy