The apparent rate constant model for kinetics of radical chain copolymerization: Chemical‐controlled process

Jen‐Feng ‐F Kuo, Chuh-Yung Chen, Chun‐Wen ‐W Chen, Ting‐Chung ‐C Pan

研究成果: Article同行評審

13 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In this article the kinetics of chemical‐controlled radical‐chain copolymerization have been reduced to pseudohomopolymerization kinetics by introducing the apparent rate constants, The methods for the determinations of the values of the apparent rate constants, mode of termination, and the methods for the calculation of molecular weights and distributions are proposed. The data required for these determinations and calculations are simply obtained by the usual steady‐state method. According to the traditional kinetics along with the definitions of the apparent rate constants, these apparent rate constants as functions of traditional rate constants, monomer compositions, and copolymer compositions are derived. Further utilizing the theoretical expressions obtained, we show that the apparent rate constants are the general rate constants for both radical chain homo‐ and copolymerizations. The bulk radical copolymerizations of methyl methacrylate and styrene at various monomer feed compositions at 60°C are used to test the proposed model. The empirical apparent rate constants obtained are described well, by the following expressions, (Formula Presented.) and (Formula Presented.) and the mode of termination on the combination termination is (Formula Presented.) where K aa and K ta denote the apparent rate constants of propagation and termination, respectively. The term f1(= 1 − f2) stands for the mole fraction of styrene in the monomer solution fed. F1 is the copolymer composition produced at f1. β is the mode of termination.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)22-29
頁數8
期刊Polymer Engineering & Science
24
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1984 1月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化學 (全部)
  • 聚合物和塑料
  • 材料化學

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