The counterflow diffusion flame burner: A new tool for the study of the nucleation of refractory compounds

Shyan Lung Chung, Joseph L. Katz

研究成果: Article同行評審

86 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This paper describes the development of the counterflow diffusion flame burner into a tool which provides great promise as a technique for the study of the nucleation from the vapor phase of refractory compounds such as SiO2, Al2O3, and other metal oxides. This burner produces a flame which is flat, stable, and rectangular in shape, with temperature and species-concentration distributions which are uniform in the horizontal plane. Thus, concentrations and temperatures can be measured spectroscopically. Hydrogen (diluted in argon) and oxygen (diluted in argon) have been used as the primary fuels and oxidants. Small amounts of appropriate gases, e.g., silane, are added to the fuel stream. Light scattering measurements indicate that an avalanche of nucleation occurs when the silane flow rate is increased beyond a critical value (e.g., 2.3 cm3/min). The temperatures and the partial pressures of SiO and O2 were measured. Assuming chemical equilibrium in the vapor phase, the SiO2 partial pressure and the SiO2 supersaturation were calculated. The H2 O2 flame changes color from pale-blue to a whitish pale-yellow when small amounts of silane are introduced into the flame. Increasing the silane flow rates makes this flame brighter and brighter. When the silane flow rate is increased sufficiently (e.g., to 9.3 cm3/min), a second flame, thin and orange in color, appears on the H2-side of the H2 O2 flame zone. Between the two flames there is always a dark space. The peak in light scattering intensity always occurs in the middle of this dark space.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)271-284
頁數14
期刊Combustion and Flame
61
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1985 9月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化學 (全部)
  • 化學工程 (全部)
  • 燃料技術
  • 能源工程與電力技術
  • 物理與天文學 (全部)

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