The Decision-Making Autonomy of Critical Patients at End of Life From the Perspective of Relational Autonomy: A Case Discussion

Ying Chin Liao, Chi Yin Kao

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Respect for autonomy is an important principle of medical ethics. Individuals exist within socially embedded networks that include many people, and develop their sense of self and decision-making capacity through network relationships. The concept of relational autonomy has been proposed as a feasible alternative to individual autonomy. Within the framework of relational autonomy, an individual builds up their decision-making capacities through continuous interaction, delivering information and knowledge to the medical team, family, and other important relations while considering their own social and cultural backgrounds within the contexts of trust, caring, and sincere collaboration. The authors of this study integrated the concept of relational autonomy and analyzed the decision-making autonomy of critical patients. When a patient has decision-making capacity, health professionals must provide a trusting, open, and caring communication environment for all important stakeholders to interact, discuss, and assist patients to demonstrate their autonomy. If a patient is unconscious or unable to make decisions, their wishes need to be respected. However, if this patient has not signed a document of intent, the legal representative must respect patient autonomy in accordance with their previous wishes and values. However, the disease prognosis is not easy to predict, the public and health professionals lack knowledge of advance directives, and it is considered taboo to talk about death. Advance directives remain unpopular. Therefore, we hope this article may assist health professionals to demonstrate patient relational autonomy in medical decision situations.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)111-119
頁數9
期刊Journal of Nursing
69
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022 10月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般護理

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