The defence technique in Tai Chi Push Hands: A case study

Hui Chuan Chen, Kuang You B. Cheng, Yu Jen Liu, Hung Ta Chiu, Kuang Yu Cheng

研究成果: Article同行評審

10 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Developed from traditional Chinese martial arts, Tai Chi exercise includes different forms and interactive Push Hands but biomechanical analyses have focused on the former only. To analyse the techniques of Push Hands, an experienced master was asked to defend pushing by four opponents. Movements were videotaped and digitized using a motion analysis system. Surface electrodes were used to record the electromyographic activity of ten muscle groups. Two force plates were used to measure the ground reaction force on each foot. Inexperienced individuals performed the same procedure to serve as the control group. The results indicate that the master adopted a postural adjustment to maintain balance. A clear shift of body weight from the front to the rear foot and mediolateral displacement of the centre of gravity was observed. Low electromyographic activity was observed in the upper body muscle groups, while high electromyographic activity was observed in the right rectus femoris and very high activity in the left rectus femoris during the defence. All inexperienced participants lost their balance in resisting pushing. It is concluded that the Tai Chi defensive technique includes a subtle postural adjustment that slightly changes the pushing force direction, and allows the rear leg to resist the incoming force.

頁(從 - 到)1595-1604
期刊Journal of Sports Sciences
出版狀態Published - 2010 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 骨科和運動醫學
  • 物理治療、運動療法和康復


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