TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of particles on the critical strain associated with the Portevin-LeChatelier effect in aluminium alloys

AU - Chan, K. S.

AU - Chen, L. H.

AU - Lui, T. S.

PY - 1995/1/1

Y1 - 1995/1/1

N2 - The effect of particles on the critical strain, e{open}c, associated with the Portevin-LeChatelier (PL) effect of aluminium alloys is studied using Al-Mg-Ni and Al-Si alloys. Al-Mg-Ni and Al-Si alloy matrixes are composed of Al3Ni and Si particles, respectively. Tensile tests were performed in the temperature range 223-273 K in which the critical strain decreases with increasing temperature, and strain rates between 10-5 and 10-2 s-1 were chosen. According to the apparent activation energies, Q, Mg and Si solute atoms are responsible for the flow instability in Al-Mg-Ni and Al-Si alloys, respectively. The experimental results also show that the critical strain decreases with decreasing particle spacing, dp. Since the particle spacing is small compared to the corresponding grain size, the decrease in critical strain should be ascribed to the effect of particles. Considering that the dislocation density is increased by the particles, a modified model showing the critical strain, e{open}c, as a function of particle spacing, dp, is proposed as {Mathematical expression}T-1 exp (-Q/k T), in which {Mathematical expression}, T and k are the strain rate, temperature and Boltzmann constant, respectively. Linear fit of the plots of In e{open}c versus In dp and In e{open}c versus In dp indicates that this equation is appropriate to rationalize the particle effect on the critical strain.

AB - The effect of particles on the critical strain, e{open}c, associated with the Portevin-LeChatelier (PL) effect of aluminium alloys is studied using Al-Mg-Ni and Al-Si alloys. Al-Mg-Ni and Al-Si alloy matrixes are composed of Al3Ni and Si particles, respectively. Tensile tests were performed in the temperature range 223-273 K in which the critical strain decreases with increasing temperature, and strain rates between 10-5 and 10-2 s-1 were chosen. According to the apparent activation energies, Q, Mg and Si solute atoms are responsible for the flow instability in Al-Mg-Ni and Al-Si alloys, respectively. The experimental results also show that the critical strain decreases with decreasing particle spacing, dp. Since the particle spacing is small compared to the corresponding grain size, the decrease in critical strain should be ascribed to the effect of particles. Considering that the dislocation density is increased by the particles, a modified model showing the critical strain, e{open}c, as a function of particle spacing, dp, is proposed as {Mathematical expression}T-1 exp (-Q/k T), in which {Mathematical expression}, T and k are the strain rate, temperature and Boltzmann constant, respectively. Linear fit of the plots of In e{open}c versus In dp and In e{open}c versus In dp indicates that this equation is appropriate to rationalize the particle effect on the critical strain.

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U2 - 10.1007/BF00352152

DO - 10.1007/BF00352152

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0029219330

VL - 30

SP - 212

EP - 218

JO - Journal of Materials Science

JF - Journal of Materials Science

SN - 0022-2461

IS - 1

ER -